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Electric Bicycle EU Standard
Jun 12, 2018

Electric bicycles are generally divided into two categories in the European Union: electric-assisted bicycles and electric bicycles. The so-called e-bikes that do not require driver's license to legally qualify are electrically-assisted bicycles with a maximum power limit of 250 watts and a top speed of 25 km/h.


On April 30, 2009, the European Standards Commission formally announced the new electric assisted bicycle specification EPAC/EN15194, which contains relevant technical specifications and test procedures. The EPAC, which is referred to in this European Standard, has a maximum continuous output power of 250 watts. When the speed is 25 km/h, it must be powered off automatically. It uses a 48 VDC battery or 230 V power input charger.

The safety specification and test method of the E-bike engine system and the charging system circuit specified by the EPAC standard. The new EPAC standard is more complex than the previous CEN standard. The main test content consists of three major items: EMC, safety regulations, and mechanical properties, among which the electromagnetic compatibility EMC standards are the least likely to pass. The EMC standard is mainly to ensure the safety of drivers using electric vehicles, and to ensure that the electronic components of the riding vehicle will not be disturbed by electromagnetic pulses generated by mobile phones, etc. In addition, the official definition of electric bicycles is EPAC (Electrically Pedal). Assisted Cycle).

EU January 2009 EN15194 test standard, this standard will apply to 30 countries in the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland , Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom. Full legal name: EN15194:2009 Cycles Electrically assisted gears-EPAC. This standard applies to electric assisted bicycles that meet the following conditions:

1, the maximum rated power of 250 watts (0.25kw);

2. When the speed reaches 25km/h or stops pedaling, the output horsepower will gradually weaken until the end of power failure;

3, the battery voltage is less than 48VDC or built-in charger voltage 230V

The main test content included in this standard is:

1, the vehicle mechanical strength EN 14764.

2, the design of the circuit and the use of wire specifications

3, electromagnetic compatibility (interference and tolerance)

4, battery safety test

5, waterproof test IEC 60529 IP X4

6, motor car output

7, speeding and braking off

8, the body marking and the content of the manual requirements